New York Police Department
The New York City Police Department (NYPD), established in 1845, is the largest municipal police force in the United States, with primary responsibilities in law enforcement and investigation within the five boroughs of New York City. The NYPD is one of the oldest police departments established in the United States; tracing its roots back to the first Dutch eight man night watch in 1625, when New York City was New Amsterdam. It has its headquarters at One Police Plaza in Lower Manhattan.
The NYPD has a broad array of specialized services, including the Emergency Services Unit, K-9, Harbor Patrol, Air-Support, Bomb Disposal, Anti=Terrorism, Criminal Intelligence, Anti-Gang, Narcotica, Public Transportation, even Public Housing; The New York Transit Police and New York City Housing Authority Police Department were fully integrated into the NYPD in 1995. According to the department, its mission is to “enforce the laws, preserve the peace, reduce fear, and provide for a safe environment.”
Members of the NYPD are frequently referred to by the nickname New York’s Finest. The NYPD is headquartered at One Police Plaza located on Park Row across the street from City Hall.